“We are seeing a slightly elevated level of pertussis activity in San Diego County,” said Wilma Wooten, M.D., M.P.H., County public health officer. “The best defense against the spread of pertussis is to make sure you are up-to-date on vaccinations and booster shots.”
There have been 202 cases of pertussis reported in the county so far this year, compared to last year’s total of 165 cases. There were 127 cases reported by this date in 2012.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that children get doses of DTaP vaccine at the following ages: 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, 15 to 18 months and 4 to 6 years. Health officials also recommend that preteens and adults get a Tdap booster. The ultimate goal is to prevent deaths that can result as a complication of pertussis. Infants under one year old are especially vulnerable because they do not have the full five-dose series of pertussis vaccinations.
Parents can obtain the vaccine series and the Tdap booster shot for themselves and their children through their primary care physicians. Local retail pharmacies offer vaccinations for a fee, and anyone who is not covered by a medical insurance plan can get the shot from a County Public Health Center at no cost.
A typical case of pertussis starts with a cough and runny nose for one to two weeks, followed by weeks to months of rapid coughing fits that sometimes end with a whooping sound. Fever, if present, is usually mild. The disease is treatable with antibiotics.
For more information about whooping cough and ongoing vaccination clinics, call the HHSA Immunization Branch at (866) 358-2966, or visit www.sdiz.org.The new pertussis cases reported this week include:
- Two 14-year-olds, one who was up-to-date on immunizations and one who was not, both attend La Costa Canyon High School in the San Dieguito Union High School District.